Could our teaching methods be weakening our students' minds?
Based on tallies done by my college students while visiting art classes, we find that it is common for art teachers to offer suggestions when students ask for assistance on their artwork. How bad could this be? (this article is continued >on the How to Produce Better Minds page)
The ideas in this web site represent a point in my journey, not a destination. Reader comments, ideas, and questions are welcome. When you write, please include the title or the URL of the page(s) you are referring to.
Many of my ideas about teaching art were inspired in the classes of Dr. Phil
Rueschhoff at the University of Kansas during my graduate work
there. Rueshhoff studied with Viktor Lowenfeld, author of Creative
and Mental Growth. Lowenfeld was often discussed. Rueschhoff's ideas are recorded in a text still available in some
libraries and in the used book market. We reviewed hundreds of studies of creativity and studies of the ways in which a variety of art education methods changed thinking, feeling, and expression.
Rueschhoff, Phil H. , Swartz, M.
Evelyn. Teaching Art in the Elementary School:
Enhancing Visual Perception. 1969. The Ronald
Press Company, New York, 339 pgs. ^^^
ABOUT this web site?
This is mainly one person's collection topics and concerns about teaching/learning visual art and creativity. I hope the ideas are compelling and useful to other teachers as well as to parents and others who care about each new generation. Teaching is a practice.
As such, we keep reflecting on it and imagine ways to form minds for our time. My ideas about teaching art have emerged over many years of teaching studio classes, methods of teaching classes, and supervision
of apprentice art teachers.
Being an art teacher is a journey of daily experiences carefully examined and reconsidered. Art projects, lessons, and assignments are not finished when the work is turned in. No matter how successful, teaching, is like an oil painting that never dries, or clay that is never fired. There are always new ways to approach it. Creative teachers always imagine alternative approaches. Even when we have a winner, the best lesson or assignment is always the next one.
Marvin Bartel, Ed. D.
Prof. Emeritus of Art, Goshen College
This is a book written for kids who can read who want some good ways to practice their drawing skills. Us older folks who still want to learn new stuff can also use this book. It is also great for artists who want some ideas on how to help children learn to draw better. If you are an artist, you could start a Drawing Camp or some after school art classes using the ideas in this book. Parents can use this book to plan a really cool and creative kids art party. If you are an art teacher looking for some ideas to increase creative thinking and improve skill building, check out this book for ideas that you can adapt for your studio art class.
It is a low-cost online pdf downloadable book. You can read it on the computer or print it out.
One way to begin an art lesson is to observe and practice. Here children are having direct experience and observation of a baby pig. Here I am asking them questions about the details of the pig's foot? They each made their own version of a clay pig using this experience and these observations. This image was copied with my digital camera from a slide taken during an art lesson about 30 years ago.
DESCRIPTIONS OF A FEW OF THE WEB PAGES on this website.
How to Plan Art Lessons by Marvin Bartel, gives instructions on what comes first,
and in the middle. It has suggestions on motivation, keeping on task, and
not to do. Learn how to start lessons without showing a creativity killer example, at the beginning of the lesson. This is an extensive lesson plan. Most teachers carry it over several class sessions like a unit of study.
Idea Generation methods are essential to the work of any artist. These can be taught, but they are too often ignored in favor of teaching techniques.
Teaching with Questions points out the difference between teaching to think and teaching to follow directions. It is the difference between education and training. It is the difference between slave training and leadership training.
How to Teach Drawing to Children This page was reprinted in the Canadian Homeschooling Horizons Magazine March, 2007. I was originally inspired to write it by an inquiry from an Australian mother whose son, age eight, was feeling discouraged and wanted help in learning to draw better. - to top of page
CLASSROOM RESEARCH TOPICS IN ART EDUCATION
1. Compare methods to teach children how to learn to come up with their own ideas for art.
2. Compare ways to help children learn to design experiments in art.
3. Compare ways to teach observation drawing and observation clay modeling.
4. Compare methods of motivation for media work.
5. Comparing ways to increase the imaginative power of children.
6. Comparing ways develop children's inventive powers through art.
7. Comparing ways that art teachers develop and assess new art assignments.
8. Compare types of teacher responses to art student requests for help.
9. Compare ways of developing collaborative creativity in the classroom.
10. Compare ways of developing empathy in the studio art classroom.
11. Compare ways to inspire students to learn without a teacher. CONTACT ME if interested in more elaboration.
Good EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS are in short supply
Are you an art teacher interested documenting creative teaching techniques so that others can see and consider what you are doing? Should college and university classes in art education see how you are teaching creativity? Other teachers who are less informed or more frustrated may benefit by seeing how you teach. You no longer need a camcorder. I get some video with my digital camera. Some mobile phones can catch something on video. CONTACT ME if you have some video of some good teaching and learning.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Teachers are invited to contact me if you want permission to make copies and/or for some other kind of classroom use. You may always make a link to this page or any of my pages. CONTACT ME