Art & Learning

Think & Feel


- searches Marvin Bartel websites -
NOTE a few Google ads may top the list


A collection of art education essays and art lessons

Please scroll down to see many topics and lessons.

Art Education HOME PAGE

To find topics, try the search box at the top right.

Dedicated to


by Marvin Bartel, Ed.D. 2001 ©
April 30, 2013
LINKS to other art education sites
How to GET LINKED from these pages

Could our teaching methods be weakening our students' minds?  
Based on tallies done by my college students while visiting art classes, we find that it is common for art teachers to offer suggestions when students ask for assistance on their artwork. How bad could this be? (this article is continued >on the How to Produce Better Minds page)  


Table of Contents - links to essays & lessons

Most Recent Posting: 24 Ways to Begin an Art Lesson without Showing Examples
Posted: Nov. 18, 2016

Classrooms to Teach Thinking and Emotional Intelligence
Creativity Killers in the classroom 2012 update
Reasons divergent thinking reduces in school
2011 update
Hands-On Learning vs Demos
2011 update

Reverse Engineering: Backward planning art lessons © 2011
Empathic Critique 2011 update
Crit Questions © 2013
Grading in Studio Art
Museum Visit Preparation © 2011
Drawing to Learn DRAWING
an online book
Teamwork Rubric 

What is Art? @ age10
2012 update
Art Contests & Awards?
Stereotypes vs Divergent Thinking
Teaching Transfer of Learning
Teaching with Questions
2012 update
Creative Thin
king vs Imitation
Idea Generation as Art Curri

in the Art Classroom

on-task as they enter the room
Rituals - a list of ideas
Bird Ritual - multisensory warm up

Teaching Thinking & Feeling
Conversation Game to get ideas for artwork and learn to make friends   

Sources of Authentic Inspiration where artists get ideas
Ideas for Art Content and Topics
Teaching with Questions for thinking strategies and how to set up experiments

Lessons to Teach Thinking and Feeling
How to Plan Art Lessons that teach Thinking, Feeling, Creativity, including Practice, Art History, Aesthetics, and Art Criticism
24 Ways to Begin an Art Lesson without showing Examples
Posted: Nov. 2018
Sources of Ideas for Art Lessons
Idea generation as art curriculum
Lesson Idea Development
Art and Word
First Day of Art Class
Kids and Clay reprinted from Studio Potter

Thinking With Clay
Learning from the Clay

Personal Box
using Clay
Surreal Animals using Clay
Sculpture: Gargoyles using Clay
Abstract Expression using Clay
Dominic's Egg using clay

contributed by Lisa Blackburn
Glass Pendants
grade 4 fusing glass
contributed by
Peter Dobbins 2011
Learning to Throw a free potter's wheel tutorial

Drawing Lessons
Online Book

Free Links on Learning Drawing
Teaching Blind Contour
Using a large bear named Ralph
Teaching Observation Drawing
   to Young Children 2011 update

Teaching Drawing to Children
--ideas for Parents and Teachers
Observation Shading
Rabbit Drawing  using blinders
Nature Drawing  using viewfinders
Ink wash Drawings: Developing
    contributed by Rebekah Short
Dramatic Mood Using Value 
    contributed by Rebekah Short
Cubism as Experience vs Examples
How to Draw an Orchid at age 4

Sculpture and Collage Thinking
Cut Paper Self Portraits
Wire Sculpture
Montage Self Portrait Lesson
Teaching with Artwork from the Internet
Art History Web Quest 

Drawing as Visual Thinking
NOT "how to draw"

Why NOT Draw on Kid's Work
Learning to Draw Made Easier

Drawing Portraits and Figures

Learning Skills to Learn to Draw

The Blinder Drawing Game

Drawing Lesson
with viewfinders
All the Skills Needed to Draw
Teaching Observation Drawing  
Teaching Shading in Drawing
Drawing is Basic
by Unsworth
Drawing for the "untalented"
Learning to Learn to Draw
Practice Shading
in drawing
Cubism Lesson
process centered

Sixth Grade Sketches
at age 5
How to Draw an Orchid at age 4

Design and Composition Thinking
size and depth

Elements and Principles
Creatively Teaching Elements and Principles
Percy Principles of Composition
Aesthetics Ethics in Everyday Life
Ethical Aesthetic Questions
Teaching Creativity
(how to)

Creative Thinking vs Imitation

Idea Generation
as Art Curriculum
Generating Ideas for art Lessons
- More Sources of Ideas for Art Lessons
Creativity Killers in the classroom
Creatively Teaching Multicultural Art
Nurturing Divergent Thinking

Creativity Links
Learning to Learn
Teaching Art History
Teaching with Questions
Conversation Game
Teaching for Transfer of Learning
Critique in the Art Class 
Critique Notes
Critique Form

Assessing Thinking & Feeling
How to write art tests
requiring creativity
Rubric - Assessing Artwork
Rubric - Assessing Art Talk
Teamwork Rubric

Sketchbook Evaluation
SmartArt Exhibition Awards

Contact the author -- top of this list-^^


Learning to Learn Creatively in short time sessions 2011 update
Learning from the Clay (has a video on experimentation)
Copying: Creativity Killer #10

Growing the Preschool Mind
- Healthy Feeling and Thinking -

Scribbling on the Wall
How to Draw an Orchid at age 4

Preschool Art - letter to preschool teacher
Preschoolers Learning to Draw © 2014
Preschool, Kindergarten, and Art
Scribbling is a good thing 2014 update
Drawing at age 5
Teaching Observation Drawing
   to Young Children 2011 update
Typical Drawings

Art Connections
Everyday Life Art Choices

Aesthetics and Ethics in Everyday Life  
Art and National Tragedy 

Art Teachers

Observing an Art Teacher
Good and Bad Art Teaching - student's paper

Safety Hazards in Art
Working Safely with Art Materials
Hazards Working with Ceramics
Working and Cleaning with less dust

Art Education Advocacy
Advocate Link Page
A letter to an administrator
To Whom it May Concern Letter

Successful Third Grade

Build Goodwill with Exhibitions
of Student Work
Advocacy Video Produced by Nancy Benson 2012

Practical Stuff
How to mount temporary art displays
with tape
How to Tape Work to the Wall
Stop artwork from falling?
How to
copy slides with a digital camera
How to dig and process your own clay new photos
How to fire pots without a kiln
How to take images from the Internet to use in teaching art history
Designing Art Classrooms

What architects forget to think about

Specific Art Courses

Teaching Photography  list of links
Teaching Ceramics  list of links  
Art for Children course syllabus

Teaching House Design
Creative Computer Drafting

Goshen College Goshen IN - USA
Art Department at Goshen College
Art Gallery Exhibit Schedules 

 biographical information
All rights reserved. top of page  
Photos and text of this page © Marvin Bartel.
Also see © notes on linked pages


Many of my ideas about teaching art were inspired in the classes of Dr. Phil Rueschhoff at the University of Kansas during my graduate work there.  Rueshhoff studied with Viktor Lowenfeld, author of Creative and Mental Growth. Lowenfeld was often discussed.  Rueschhoff's ideas are recorded in a text still available in libraries and in the used book market. We reviewed hundreds of studies of creativity and studies of the ways in which a variety of art education methods changed thinking, feeling, and expression.

Rueschhoff, Phil H. , Swartz, M. Evelyn.   Teaching Art in the Elementary School: Enhancing Visual Perception. 1969.  The Ronald Press Company, New York, 339 pgs. ^^^

ABOUT this web site?

Teaching and parenting for me has been and is a journey of daily experiences carefully examined and reconsidered. Our choices, projects, lessons, and assignments are not finished when the work is turned in. No matter how successful our teaching, parenting, and mentoring is, like an oil painting that never dries, or clay that is never fired, there is always another option to consider. There are always imagined modifications. This is why I value ideas and questions from readers. Creative teaching imagines another approach. Even when we have a winner, I always imagine that the best lesson, assignment, or student choice will be the next one. My teaching was not over when I officially retired from full-time teaching. With this website I continue to offer ideas and questions.

The ideas in this website represent a point in my journey, not a destination. Many of the ideas have grown out of past experience, but my ongoing study and work with children often serves as inspiration for the content of this website. Reader comments, ideas, and questions are welcome. When you write, please include the title or the URL of the page(s) you are referring to.

-- Marvin Bartel - updated 2/2/2017


Marvin Bartel, Ed. D.
Prof. Emeritus of Art, Goshen College

Also see: My page of other selected art education sites and authors.

CONTACT the author

Facebook page

top of page^^^



Drawing to Learn DRAWING

by Marvin Bartel - 2010 - is Now Available

This is a book written for kids who can read who want some good ways to practice their drawing skills. Us older folks who still want to learn new stuff can also use this book. It is also great for artists who want some ideas on how to help children learn to draw better. If you are an artist, you could start a Drawing Camp or some after school art classes using the ideas in this book. Parents can use this book to plan a really cool and creative kids art party.  If you are an art teacher looking for some ideas to increase creative thinking and improve skill building, check out this book for ideas that you can adapt for your studio art class.

It is a low-cost online pdf downloadable book. You can read it on the computer or print it out.

See the order page for a
Table of Contents and more about this book


One way to begin an art lesson is to observe and practice. Here children are having direct experience and observation of a baby pig. Here I am asking them questions about the details of the pig's foot? They each made their own version of a clay pig using this experience and these observations. This image was copied with my digital camera from a slide taken during an art lesson about 30 years ago.


How to Plan Art Lessons by Marvin Bartel, gives instructions on what comes first, last, and in the middle. It has suggestions on motivation, keeping on task, and what not to do. Learn how to start lessons without showing a creativity killer example, at the beginning of the lesson. This is an extensive lesson plan. Most teachers carry it over several class sessions like a unit of study.

Idea Generation methods are essential to the work of any artist. These can be taught, but they are too often ignored in favor of teaching techniques.

Teaching with Questions points out the difference between teaching to think and teaching to follow directions. It is the difference between education and training. It is the difference between slave training and leadership training.

How to Teach Drawing to Children This page was reprinted in the Canadian Homeschooling Horizons Magazine March, 2007. I was originally inspired to write it by an inquiry from an Australian mother whose son, age eight, was feeling discouraged and wanted help in learning to draw better. - to top of page

These are links to some assignment pages from my classes in teaching art methods.
Art Education Assignments  |  Readings  |   Planning the Parts of Creative Art Lessons
| Pass it On - practice teaching what we learned
   (teaching is great way to learn)  |   One-on-one Teaching Assignment  |   Successful Art Class Critique Sessions   |  Art Rubric   |  Study Sheet for test 1   |   Study Sheet for test 2    |   An example essay answer 

1. Compare methods to teach children how to learn to come up with their own ideas for art.
2. Compare ways to help children learn to design experiments in art.
3. Compare ways to teach observation drawing and observation clay modeling.
4. Compare methods of motivation for media work.
5. Comparing ways to increase the imaginative power of children.
6. Comparing ways develop children's inventive powers through art.
7. Comparing ways that art teachers develop and assess new art assignments.
8. Compare types of teacher responses to art student requests for help.
9. Compare ways of developing collaborative creativity in the classroom.
10. Compare ways of developing empathy in the studio art classroom.
11. Compare ways to inspire students to learn without a teacher.
CONTACT ME if interested in more elaboration.

Good EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS are in short supply
Are you an art teacher interested documenting creative teaching techniques so that others can see and consider what you are doing? Should college and university classes in art education see how you are teaching creativity? Other teachers who are less informed or more frustrated may benefit by seeing how you teach. You no longer need a camcorder. I get some video with my digital camera. Some mobile phones can catch something on video.
CONTACT ME if you have some video of some good teaching and learning.
Teachers are invited to contact me if you want permission to make copies and/or for some other kind of classroom use. You may always make a link to this page or any of my pages. 

If you have related topics, you may want to have your page linked from this web site. Please do not send a request to exchange links unless you have already linked to at least one of my pages. You may link to any of my pages that seems to relate directly to the topic of your page. Once your link to my page works, send me a note showing me the URL to the page that has a link to my page. If your link works, I will review your site for appropriateness and consider making a link from this page to your page. I am most interested in art, in ideas, and in education. In general, I link to very few pages that are marketing a product, books, service, or merchandise of any kind.
All rights reserved. © Marvin Bartel.   Last update date shown at
top of page.

This page is frequently updated.
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or REFRESH button at the top of your screen to be sure you are reading the most recent posting of this page. ^^^

Goshen College site sponsor

^^^ | Art Department at Goshen College | Art Gallery Exhibit Schedules | Goshen, Indiana, USA | ^^^